African Violets were first discovered in Tanzania (East Africa) during the late 1800s. At that time, only one flower type and colour existed – a single blue pansy with 5 petals.
These days, after more than a hundred years of hybridising, African violet flowers come in a dazzling array of colours and shapes.
Knowing the terms that growers use, and learning the characteristics of different flower types will help you better appreciate your plants. It will also help you make more informed choices when purchasing new plants.
African Violet flowers are described by:
- the number of petals,
- the shape of the petals and
- shape of the flower.
1. Number of petals
Single flowers have 5 petals with the two top petals being smaller.
Double flowers have 10 plus petals (two or more full sets of 5) which interlace and cover over the centre anthers.
Semi-double flowers are something between a single and double. They have from 6 to 9 petals. With an extra few petals in the centre that do not open to full size petals. The number of petals can change with growing conditions and season. Even flowers on the same plant can have different numbers of petals.
3. Flower Shape
African Violet flowers can demonstrate different shapes depending on whether the petals are of even size and shape, elongated, twisted, or whether they open fully.
Pansy type flowers have five petals, two that are smaller at the top and three lower petals that are larger. They come in single and double forms.
Star-shaped flowers feature five petals of equal size and evenly spaced.